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Noticing blood when you brush or floss your teeth can be concerning, but it may or may not be a serious problem. Understanding why your gums bleed while brushing or flossing and what you can do about it helps you deal with the situation.

Reasons Gums Bleed

There are a number of possible reasons that your gums bleed during brushing or flossing; some are more problematic than others. The following are some of the common things that lead to bleeding gums:

  • Gingivitis – Plaque that builds up on your teeth and at your gum line can infect the gums, leading to the beginning stage of gum disease. Known as gingivitis, this early stage is characterized by red, swollen, and tender gums that may bleed during brushing. Receding gums, persistent bad breath, loose adult teeth, and visible pus around the gums and teeth are also signs of gum disease. Thankfully, gingivitis usually responds well to treatment, but can progress to more serious stages of gum disease if left untreated. In the later stages, gum disease is much more difficult to treat.
  • Medications – Blood thinning medications reduce the blood’s ability to clot and can contribute to easier bleeding. Always tell your dentist if you are taking medications or if you think you might be experiencing bleeding gums due to blood thinners.
  • Change in Flossing Routine – Changes in your flossing routine can cause your gums to bleed. If you don’t floss for a few days, then you may experience some bleeding when you floss again. This is true any time you start flossing more frequently than you have been; a small amount of bleeding is normal, but it should go away within a week.
  • New Toothbrush – Using a new toothbrush or switching to a firm or medium bristle toothbrush can cause your gums to bleed.
  • Pregnancy Gingivitis – Increased hormone levels during pregnancy or while taking oral contraceptives can change the way your gums respond to the bacteria in plaque and make them more sensitive, so many women experience swollen, bleeding gums while pregnant. The symptoms usually disappear after delivery, but it’s particularly important to practice proper oral hygiene during this time.


Steps to Take

If your gums consistently bleed while brushing, then don’t ignore the problem. Instead, take steps to deal with it promptly and improve your oral health. Here are some steps to take:

  • Improve Your Oral Care Routine – Plaque build up leading to gingivitis is the top cause of bleeding gums, and a proper oral hygiene routine is the best way to fight plaque build up. Brush your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes at a time, and floss once daily. Visit your dentist twice a year for professional cleanings and checkups. 
  • Maintain a Healthy Diet – The food you eat plays an important role in your overall oral health. Consuming foods loaded with sugar and simple carbohydrates puts you at a higher risk for developing gum problems because sugar feeds the bacteria in your mouth, creating an ideal environment for plaque formation. Sticking with a diet low in sugar and rich in nutrients helps your teeth and gums stay healthy. Brushing your teeth after eating a high-sugar item prevents the sugar from remaining on your teeth, thus minimizing the problems it creates.
  • Talk to Your Doctor About Medications – If you are taking prescription blood thinners or over-the-counter medications like aspirin that can thin your blood, then talk to your doctor about your bleeding gums. They may adjust the dosage or prescribe a different medication to reduce the side effects you are experiencing.
  • Consider Your Tools – Oral care tools can cause bleeding, especially when used improperly. Hard or medium bristle toothbrushes often irritate the gums and can cause bleeding, so using a toothbrush with soft bristles is the best choice. Also, avoid scrubbing your teeth or brushing to hard as this can also cause irritation. Flossing regularly helps reduce bleeding, but be gentle and avoid forcefully pressing the floss against your gums and teeth.
      • Choose the Right Products – Using the right oral care products can reduce problems with bleeding gums. Choosing oral care  products containing sea salt  may help reduce bleeding. The natural ingredients in Oral Essentials products work to keep your mouth clean and healthy in a way that is safe and gentle. Some of our ingredients include Dead Sea salt, which helps keep your mouth fresh and xylitol, which may lower the risk of dental cavities; and aloe vera, for a calming effects.
  • Visit Your Dentist – If the above steps don’t stop your gums from bleeding or if you are concerned about the problem for any reason, then schedule an appointment to see your dentist. During the visit, your dentist will examine your teeth and gums, talk to you about your symptoms, and perhaps take x-rays. He will determine if a more serious condition is the source of your bleeding gums and will recommend treatment options. Sometimes your dentist might refer you to a periodontist, someone who specializes in the treatment of gum disease. The periodontist can perform more advanced treatment options, like periodontal surgery or a deep cleaning.
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    About Oral Essentials:

    Oral Essentials is a plant and mineral based oral care line that uses time honored ingredients such as Dead Sea Salt, Organic Aloe Vera, Essential Oils, and Non-GMO Xylitol. All our Products are Certified Non-Toxic, Alcohol Free, SLS Free, Preservative Free, and Free of Artificial Colors or Flavors. Click Here to Learn More. We are so sure you will love our products we offer a 30 Day 100% Money Back Guarantee.